In this edition, the Government unveils new drought mitigation measures as the National Treasury approves a further Ksh7.4 billion while the European Union allocates a further Ksh2.5 billion to respond to the drought. Part of the EU funding is channeled towards cash transfers to be managed by the Hunger Safety Nets Programme (HSNP) as the United Nations calls on the international community to act fast to avert a humanitarian crisis in the Horn of Africa.
Read Drought Resilience Newsletter for more detailed in-depth feature stories on drought interventions.
The Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) in the 23 ASAL counties, as at 27th of March 2017, confirm a significant vegetation deficit for the period in almost all ASAL counties. It should be noted that although some localised rains have been received in some of the counties, the impact on the VCI has not been felt yet because of a lag time until the vegetation reacts to the improved moisture.
Click this link Vegetation Condition Index as at March 27, 2017 for county specific VCIs.
The assessment was carried out between January and February 2016 to assess the impact of the October-December 2015 short rains on livelihoods in 23 ASAL counties.
Click on a county name for the SRA report of the particular county:
|Makueni||Nyeri North (Kieni)||Meru North||Laikipia||Embu (Mbeere)||Samburu|
|Tana River||Kilifi||Kwale||Taita Taveta||Tharaka
NB/ You can get the 2015 and 2014 reports by clicking on the All Downloads sub-menu under Resource Centre
Ending drought emergencies in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) will protect the vulnerable and achieve national development goals in accordnace with the Constitution. You can participate in ending drought emergencies in Kenya by promoting drought risk management and the foundations for sustainable livelihoods, security, infrastructure and human capital.
To get involved:
1. Learn more about the EDE:
· Download the Common Programme Framework for Ending Drought Emergencies at: http://www.ndma.go.ke/index.php/ending-drought-emergencies/ede-overview and the pillar frameworks http://www.ndma.go.ke/index.php/ending-drought-emergencies/ede-pillars
2. If you live in a drought- prone county:
· Ask your elected leaders to press for EDE commitments to be met.
· Check that your County Integrated Development Plan includes projects and associated funding for EDE activities.
· Get involved with drought risk reduction groups in your area.
3. If you implement, finance or support development projects in drought-prone counties:
· Align your activities with the Common Programme Framework for EDE.
· Ensure that any funds you provide are included in the online investment tracker. http://kenya.droughtresilience.info/project/support-drought-resilience-northern-kenya
· Join the working group for the EDE pillar that interests you and support its work.
EDE will be Lauched By Presidedent Uhuru Kenyatta on 4th of November 2015
Drought cuts across sectors and requires support from both national and international pertners. The following projects, financed by the Government and international partners, are helping NDMA to realise its mandate:
1. Kenya Rural Development Programme
Kenya Rural Development Programme (KRDP) is a broad sector-wide programme funded by the European Union. The programme focuses on securing long-term food security in Kenya through improved agricultural productivity and better responses to drought and improved livelihoods in arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs).
The following KRDP projects targeting Kenya's arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) are implemented under the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA):
2. Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP)
This project is financed by DFID to reduce extreme hunger and vulnerability of the poorest households through the regular payment of an unconditional cash transfer. It ensures effective, financially secure and well-targeted use of safety net and cash transfer programmes to support some of the most vulnerable and poor in Kenya. It is currently in four counties namely Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir and Mandera;
3. Climate Adaptation (ADA Consorteum)
The Adaptation consortium is a four-year Department for International Development (DFID) funded initiative that is central to the National Drought Management Authority strategy. The consortium funded under Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya plus (StARCK+) aims at preparing county government access global climate finance fund in support of adaptation and climate resilient development and to mainstream mechanisms that allow communities to prioritise investments in public goods that build their resilience to climate change.
The Authority is responsible for the establishment, institutionalization and coordination of structures for drought management.
Drought management is not a single-sector issue. It is a cross-cutting issue that requires collaborative action by a range of public and private sector agencies at different levels (national, county, and community). Kenya is fortunate in having an active and diverse group of actors working on drought management, including UN agencies, international, national and local NGOs, and research institutes.
The following coordination structures already exist at national, county, and community level:
The KFSM is an open forum with high-level representation by government, UN agencies, development partners and NGOs interested in food security and drought management. The KFSM facilitates information exchange and agrees actions to address emerging issues, referring these to the relevant government bodies or other actors for implementation.
The KFSSG is a technical sub-committee of the KFSM. It is a think-tank and advisory body for all stakeholders. Membership is limited to organisations with technical or administrative capability. KFSSG meets monthly.
These are the equivalent of the KFSM at county level and include representatives from relevant line ministries and agencies. There is currently a DSG in each of the 23 counties previously covered by the ALRMP. The meetings are held frequently, as need arises, and are chaired by the District Commissioner. The NDMA’s Drought Management Officer provides the Secretariat.
These have been established in some counties previously covered by the ALRMP.
The Authority coordinates the preparation of contingency action plans and the implementation of drought mitigation and relief activities.
The major lesson of drought management in Kenya and elsewhere is that early warning systems are of little benefit unless there is also the capability and will for early reaction. Specific activities must be carried out in response to early warning information at different stages of the drought cycle which, in combination with preparations made by communities, can significantly reduce the impact of drought.
The effectiveness in drought management and climate change adaptation activities depends on its use of accurate and timely information, and analysis of those data to inform action.
The Authority coordinates the preparation of risk reduction plans, undertakes risk reduction awareness and education, and coordinates the implementation of risk reduction activities.
The Government recognises that the key to effective drought management is to reduce risk and build resilience by investing in sustainable development in drought-prone areas and by mainstreaming risk reduction into processes of development planning and resource allocation.
Inform the development of sector policies and strategies that will strengthen drought resilience, and help relevant sectors identify and implement appropriate risk reduction and resilience-building activities through training or the provision of sectoral guidelines. Monitor the implementation of sector policies, strategies and financing in terms of their contribution to resilience-building.
The Authority generates, consolidates and disseminates drought management and climate change adaptation information, and operates an efficient drought early warning system.
Kenya has a unique resource in its early warning data. The historical record goes back to 1986 (for Turkana), and for other arid counties to the early 1990s. Early warning information should be accessible to all stakeholders, including national and county governments, development partners, civil society, and communities themselves.
Hon. Agnes M. Ndetei
Mwanamaka A. Mabruki, Principal Secretary, State Department of Devolution
Mr. Kamau Thugge, Principal Secretary, The National Treasury
Ms. Emily Kithira Mworia
Mr. Rashid Kassim Amin
Mr. James O. Oduor
1. Technical Services
The Technical services Department is composed of three (3) divisions namely:-
A. Drought Information:
B. Drought Resilience
C. Drought Contingency Planning and response
2. Support Services
This department has five (5) divisions namely:
3. Resource Mobilization and Advocacy
4. Policy, Planning and Research
To be a world-class authority in drought management and climate change adaptation for sustainable livelihoods
To provide leadership and coordination of Kenya’s effort in the management of drought risks and enhancing adaptation to climate change