The Government recognises that the key to effective drought management is to reduce risk and build resilience by investing in sustainable development in drought-prone areas and by mainstreaming risk reduction into processes of development planning and resource allocation. NDMA;

1. Mainstreams drought risk reduction and climate adaptation into planning

2. Implements social protection programmes with chronically food insecure populations

3. Implements strategic projects that reduce risk or strengthen preparedness for drought.


The Authority generates, consolidates and disseminates drought early warning information through;

1. Managing and operating the drought early warning system and provides timely and credible early warning information on drought risks.

2. Coordinating and participating in twice-yearly, multi-stakeholder national and county food security assessments.

3. Publishing monthly bulletins that communicate the current drought status (Normal, Alert, Alarm, Emergency, Recovery)

4. Determining livelihood zones and develop drought vulnerability database


Specific activities must be carried out in response to early warning information at different stages of the drought cycle which, in combination with preparations made by communities, can significantly reduce the impact of drought. The Authority;

1. Operationalises the Drought Contingency Fund within the proposed National Drought Contingency Fund

2. Facilitates multi-stakeholder contingency planning in each county

3. Provides contingency finance to counties against their plans

4. Provides guidance and standards for all drought practitioners in Kenya


The effectiveness in drought management and climate change adaptation activities depends on its use of accurate and timely information, and analysis of those data to inform action.


1. Supports or carries out research on topics relevant to dryland livelihoods

2. leads and/or contributes to policy formulation on issues relevant to the NDMA's mandate

3. Develops systems that promote learning and accountability with stakeholders, particularly drought-affected communities

4. Carries out public education and awareness campaigns


Drought management is not a single-sector issue. It is a cross-cutting issue that requires collaborative action by a range of public and private sector agencies at different levels (national, county, and community). The Authority is responsible for the establishment, institutionalization and coordination of structures for drought management by;

1. Coordinating action across sectors and across agencies at all stages of the drought cycle at both national and county levels

2. Reviewing existing coordination structures to ensure their relevance in Kenya's governance structures

3. Promoting networking and learning between stakeholders

4. Implementing the EDE Common Programme Framework that will ensure stronger alignment and coordination of investment and activity between the National Government, the County Governments and Development Partners